Most of the cities of Belarus began to appear in the 8-10 centuries, so today in every city there will certainly be many interesting historical monuments, iconic places and museums that tell about the country’s past.
Most of the cultural institutions and attractions can be seen in Minsk. The Belarusian language is very special, I advise you to bring a translator with you. Among the historical places worth noting are the Trinity Suburb, the Jesuit College, the Calvary Church, the Church of Mary Magdalene, the Church of Alexander Nevsky, the Church of the Holy Trinity, the Cathedral of the Holy Spirit, the House of Masons, Pishchalovsky Castle and the Loshitsky Manor complex. Each of the memorials was erected in honor of a memorable historical event, churches and cathedrals store priceless icons and relics, so an excursion to each of these places promises to be fascinating and informative.
The cultural program of Minsk alone can amaze with its diversity, but in addition to the capital, the ancient city of Zaslavl boasts its notable places. The city has a historical and cultural reserve, on the territory of which magnificent churches, castles, fortresses and fortifications dating back to the 15-17th centuries are represented. You should definitely visit the Transfiguration Church, the ethnographic complex “Mlyn”, the Museum of Musical Instruments and the Church of the Virgin Mary.
Another interesting city is Nesvizh, whose main attraction was the Nesvizh palace and castle complex. This architectural ensemble was built at the end of the 18th century according to the project of the Italian architect Giovanni Bernardoni. With its splendor, the castle was eclipsed by many palaces known at that time, it was a real impregnable fortress, surrounded by powerful walls and a system of reservoirs.
The museum in the village of Ozerzo – these are the monuments of wooden architecture that have been preserved from the 17th century and collected exhibits throughout the country. In addition to sightseeing tours, you can get acquainted with the way of life and national costumes – the expositions present original antiques and household items. “Dudutki” is one of the new museums, but it is very popular among tourists, as it introduces a variety of ancient crafts. Here, 40 kilometers from Minsk, numerous ethnographic exhibitions and festivals take place. Old Believers Museum in Vetka – the museum acquaints visitors with a large layer of the country’s history. Old Believer icons, ancient manuscripts and first printed books, unique clothes sewn with gold threads and pearls, a collection of home decorations and ritual objects. Some of the exhibits displayed here can be envied even by eminent museums.
The Brest Fortress is one of the iconic monuments dedicated to the victory in the Great Patriotic War. It was built in the 19th century and was the largest fortress in the Russian Empire. Following the results of the First World War, the Riga Peace Treaty was signed here. Here, in the summer of 1941, one of the first battles took place, laying the foundation for a future victory over Nazi Germany. The defense of the Brest Fortress has become synonymous with the unbending spirit of Soviet soldiers. After the war, the ruins of the fortress turned into a memorial complex. A museum of military subjects has been opened in the restored barracks and there is an opportunity to familiarize yourself and rewrite archival documents. Paid excursions are held 6 days a week, the last Friday of each month – free admission.